Designing AI for Social Good: Seven Essential Factors

26 Pages Posted: 4 Jun 2019

See all articles by Josh Cowls

Josh Cowls

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute

Thomas King

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute

Mariarosaria Taddeo

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute

Luciano Floridi

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute

Date Written: May 15, 2019

Abstract

The idea of Artificial Intelligence for Social Good (henceforth AI4SG) is gaining traction within information societies in general and the AI community in particular. It has the potential to address social problems effectively through the development of AI-based solutions. Yet, to date, there is only limited understanding of what makes AI socially good in theory, what counts as AI4SG in practice, and how to reproduce its initial successes in terms of policies (Cath et al. 2018). This article addresses this gap by extrapolating seven ethical factors that are essential for future AI4SG initiatives from the analysis of 27 case studies of AI4SG projects. Some of these factors are almost entirely novel to AI, while the significance of other factors is heightened by the use of AI. From each of these factors, corresponding best practices are formulated which, subject to context and balance, may serve as preliminary guidelines to ensure that well-designed AI is more likely to serve the social good.

Keywords: AI4SG, Artificial Intelligence, Ethics, Social Good, Sustainable Development Goals, Privacy, Safety

Suggested Citation

Cowls, Josh and King, Thomas and Taddeo, Mariarosaria and Floridi, Luciano, Designing AI for Social Good: Seven Essential Factors (May 15, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3388669 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3388669

Josh Cowls (Contact Author)

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute ( email )

1 St. Giles
University of Oxford
Oxford OX1 3PG Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire OX1 3JS
United Kingdom

Thomas King

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute ( email )

1 St. Giles
University of Oxford
Oxford OX1 3PG Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire OX1 3JS
United Kingdom

Mariarosaria Taddeo

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute ( email )

1 St. Giles
University of Oxford
Oxford OX1 3PG Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire OX1 3JS
United Kingdom

Luciano Floridi

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute ( email )

1 St. Giles
University of Oxford
Oxford OX1 3PG Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire OX1 3JS
United Kingdom

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
238
Abstract Views
1,214
rank
131,494
PlumX Metrics