On a Correlative and Evolutionary SWOT Analysis
Journal of Strategy and Management, 2019, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 347-363
23 Pages Posted: 4 Jun 2019 Last revised: 29 Oct 2019
Date Written: February 19, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to counter-propose a new approach of SWOT analysis, which can be used in the strategic planning of the contemporary organizations.
Design/methodology/approach: This paper, after presenting the conceptual context of the existing (conventional) SWOT analysis, presents the existing criticism within the international literature. Then, it articulates gradually the new evolutionary and correlative SWOT analysis, by using the approaches and the literature of evolutionary economics, and the Stra.Tech.Man approach in business dynamics. In conclusion, it presents the new conceptual framework on which a new correlative SWOT analysis can be based.
Findings: Main finding of this research is that the interpretation of the conventional SWOT analysis tends to study the strengths and the weaknesses of the business with an analytical dichotomy. The conventional SWOT analysis conceptualizes, usually implicitly, the opportunities and threats of the external environment as having the same impact to all the socioeconomic agents, without exception. However, by using a correlative interpretation of SWOT analysis, we understand that the opportunities and threats are always “potential,” depending on the organization’s strategic capability to exercise its comparative strengths and weaknesses.
Originality/value: In the existing literature of SWOT analysis, despite the growing criticism, there is no critique that can give systemic and correlative answers to the articulation of business strategy in SWOT terms. The Stra.Tech.Man approach, also, is a conceptual framework to study the evolutionary adaptation of all the kinds of socioeconomic organizations.
Keywords: Strategic management, Conventional SWOT analysis, Correlative and evolutionary SWOT analysis, Evolutionary business theory, Stra.Tech.Man approach, Strategic analysis and synthesis, Business planning
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