The Heterogeneous Effect of Prenatal Care on Birth Weight: Evidence from Mexico

13 Pages Posted: 4 Jun 2019

See all articles by Fidel Gonzalez

Fidel Gonzalez

Sam Houston State University - College of Business Administration - Department of Economics and International Business

Santosh Kumar

Department of Economics and International Business, College of Business Administration, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX, USA

Date Written: April 1, 2019

Abstract

Prenatal care has long been identified as an effective means to reduce the risk of low birth weight; however, most studies ignore endogeneity and distributional effect of prenatal care on birth weight. Using instrumental variable quantile regression method, we estimate the effect of prenatal care on birth weight at different quantiles of the birth weight distribution. We find that the effect of a prenatal visit on birth weight is heterogeneous across birth weight quantiles. Infants at the lower quantiles benefit more from prenatal visits compared to infants at the higher quantiles of the birth weight distribution.

Keywords: Prenatal care; Birth weight; Mexico, Quantile Regression

JEL Classification: I10, I12, J13, J18

Suggested Citation

Gonzalez, Fidel and Kumar, Santosh, The Heterogeneous Effect of Prenatal Care on Birth Weight: Evidence from Mexico (April 1, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3389085 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3389085

Fidel Gonzalez

Sam Houston State University - College of Business Administration - Department of Economics and International Business ( email )

Huntsville, TX 77341-2118
United States

Santosh Kumar (Contact Author)

Department of Economics and International Business, College of Business Administration, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX, USA ( email )

1821 Ave I
SHSU Box 2118
Huntsville, TX 77341-2118
United States

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