The Heterogeneous Effect of Prenatal Care on Birth Weight: Evidence from Mexico
13 Pages Posted: 4 Jun 2019
Date Written: April 1, 2019
Prenatal care has long been identified as an effective means to reduce the risk of low birth weight; however, most studies ignore endogeneity and distributional effect of prenatal care on birth weight. Using instrumental variable quantile regression method, we estimate the effect of prenatal care on birth weight at different quantiles of the birth weight distribution. We find that the effect of a prenatal visit on birth weight is heterogeneous across birth weight quantiles. Infants at the lower quantiles benefit more from prenatal visits compared to infants at the higher quantiles of the birth weight distribution.
Keywords: Prenatal care; Birth weight; Mexico, Quantile Regression
JEL Classification: I10, I12, J13, J18
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation