Improving Child Health and Cognition: Evidence from a School-Based Nutrition Intervention in India

73 Pages Posted: 8 Sep 2020

See all articles by Marion Krämer

Marion Krämer

German Institute for Development Evaluation (DEval)

Santosh Kumar

Department of Economics and International Business, College of Business Administration, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX, USA; IZA Institute of Labor Economics ; Global Labor Organization

Sebastian Vollmer

University of Goettingen (Göttingen)

Date Written: June 1, 2018

Abstract

We present experimental evidence on the impact of the use of double-fortified salt in school meals on anemia, cognition, and the learning outcomes of primary school children in rural Bihar, one of the poorest regions of India. We find that year-long intervention had statistically significant positive impacts on hemoglobin levels and reduced anemia by 20%, but these health gains did not translate into significant impacts on cognitive performance, test scores, and school attendance. Treatment effects on anemia and test scores were larger for children with higher school attendance. The findings indicate that school-based health programs are cost-effective and scalable intervention to reduce anemia among school children in resource-constrained countries.

Keywords: Double-Fortified Salt, Anemia, Cognition, School Children, Mid-Day Meals, India

JEL Classification: C93, I15, I18, O12.

Suggested Citation

Krämer, Marion and Kumar, Santosh and Vollmer, Sebastian, Improving Child Health and Cognition: Evidence from a School-Based Nutrition Intervention in India (June 1, 2018). Review of Economics and Statistics, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3389343 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3389343

Marion Krämer

German Institute for Development Evaluation (DEval) ( email )

Fritz-Schäffer-Straße 26
Bonn, 53113
Germany

Santosh Kumar (Contact Author)

Department of Economics and International Business, College of Business Administration, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX, USA ( email )

1821 Ave I
SHSU Box 2118
Huntsville, TX 77341-2118
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Global Labor Organization ( email )

Collogne
Germany

Sebastian Vollmer

University of Goettingen (Göttingen) ( email )

Platz der Gottinger Sieben 3
Gottingen, D-37073
Germany

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
32
Abstract Views
370
PlumX Metrics