Measuring the Quality of the Home Environment of Young Children in Uruguay: Socioeconomic Gradients in the Home Inventory

22 Pages Posted: 21 May 2019

See all articles by Florencia López Bóo

Florencia López Bóo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB); Young Lives, Department of International Development, University of Oxford; IZA

Mayaris Cubides Mateus

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Rita Sorio

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Giorgina Garibotto

Ministry of Social Development (MIDES)

Christian Berón

Ministry of Social Development (MIDES)

Date Written: January 2019

Abstract

Uruguay is one of very few countries in Latin America that has a nationally representative, longitudinal survey of early childhood development. In 2015–2016, during the second wave of the survey, an observational module on the home environment was administered at scale for the first time. The module included items from two subscales (responsiveness and acceptance) of a widely used instrument that measures the quality of the physical and emotional environment: the HOME inventory.We find that the set of items administered from the HOME has very good concurrent validity with child development and maternal personality traits, as well as with other relevant socioeconomic variables. In line with the literature, our analysis shows that children from the most vulnerable families are exposed to a lower-quality home environment—that is, less responsive and more punitive. Interestingly, Uruguayan children are exposed to better environments as compared to children in predominantly rural samples from the Latin America and Caribbean region; however, they present comparable environments when compared to similar samples from countries such as Brazil and Chile.

Keywords: child development, parenting practices, home, quality of the home environment, Uruguay, ASQ, ENDIS

JEL Classification: I10, I30, J13, I38

Suggested Citation

López Bóo, Florencia and Cubides Mateus, Mayaris and Sorio, Rita and Garibotto, Giorgina and Berón, Christian, Measuring the Quality of the Home Environment of Young Children in Uruguay: Socioeconomic Gradients in the Home Inventory (January 2019). IZA Discussion Paper No. 12110, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3390098

Florencia López Bóo (Contact Author)

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Young Lives, Department of International Development, University of Oxford ( email )

Queen Elizabeth House
3 Mansfield Road
Oxford, OX1 3TB
United Kingdom

IZA ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Mayaris Cubides Mateus

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Rita Sorio

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Giorgina Garibotto

Ministry of Social Development (MIDES)

Montevideo
Uruguay

Christian Berón

Ministry of Social Development (MIDES)

Montevideo
Uruguay

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