De Facto or De Jure? Ethnic Differences in Quit Responses to Legal Protections of Medical Marijuana Dispensaries

37 Pages Posted: 21 May 2019

See all articles by Jenny Williams

Jenny Williams

University of Melbourne - Department of Economics

Rosalie Liccardo Pacula

Health Economics, Finance and Organization, RAND Corporation; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Rosanna Smart

RAND Corporation

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Abstract

This paper studies the impact of legal medical marijuana markets on the decision to quit marijuana use. We distinguish between de jure legalization, where dispensaries are legally protected, and de facto legalization, where dispensaries operate in the absence of laws protecting them. Geographic and temporal variation in the presence of de facto and de jure legalized markets serve to identify their impact on quitting. Although we find little robust evidence that quitting by females is impacted by either the presence or protection of retail medical marijuana dispensaries, our results reveal significant and ethnically differentiated responses by males. Minority males are found to delay quitting in response to legal protection of dispensaries, while white males delay quitting in response to operating dispensaries. This behavior is consistent with racial and ethnic differences in the risks of arrest for simple marijuana offences, particularly for black males.

Keywords: medical marijuana laws, duration models, marijuana use

JEL Classification: H75, K42, I18

Suggested Citation

Williams, Jenny and Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo and Smart, Rosanna, De Facto or De Jure? Ethnic Differences in Quit Responses to Legal Protections of Medical Marijuana Dispensaries. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12114. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3390102

Jenny Williams (Contact Author)

University of Melbourne - Department of Economics ( email )

Melbourne, 3010
Australia

HOME PAGE: http://www.economics.unimelb.edu.au/staffprofile/jwilliams.htm

Rosalie Liccardo Pacula

Health Economics, Finance and Organization, RAND Corporation ( email )

P.O. Box 2138
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Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Rosanna Smart

RAND Corporation ( email )

1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States

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