Selection and Educational Attainment: Why Some Children are Left Behind? Evidence from a Middle-Income Country

29 Pages Posted: 21 May 2019

See all articles by Luciana Méndez-Errico

Luciana Méndez-Errico

University of Barcelona - Department of Applied Economics

Xavier Ramos

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Abstract

We model schooling as a sequential process and examine why some children are left behind. We focus on the factors that explain selection at early stages of the education system. Our findings for Uruguay suggest that long-term factors, such as parental background or ethnicity matter across all education stages while the effect of short-term factors, such as family income, wear out as individuals progress in the education system, suggesting a severe selection process at early stages.

Keywords: schooling transition, selection, inequality, education, ethnicity, cognitive and non-cognitive abilities, sequential dynamic model

JEL Classification: I20, I24, J13, J15, J24

Suggested Citation

Méndez-Errico, Luciana and Ramos, Xavier, Selection and Educational Attainment: Why Some Children are Left Behind? Evidence from a Middle-Income Country. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12118. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3390106

Luciana Méndez-Errico (Contact Author)

University of Barcelona - Department of Applied Economics ( email )

Bellaterra
Spain

Xavier Ramos

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona ( email )

Dept. Economia Aplicada
Campus UAB
Bellaterra, Barcelona 08193
Spain

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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