Does Child Labor Lead to Vulnerable Employment in Adulthood? Evidence for Tanzania

63 Pages Posted: 21 May 2019

See all articles by Sara Burrone

Sara Burrone

University of Florence

Gianna Giannelli

University of Florence

Date Written: February 2019

Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between child labor and status in employment in adulthood. We aim to contribute to the literature that focuses on the obstacles to the formation early in life of the skills that allow people to avoid vulnerability. Using the panel data survey for the Kagera region of Tanzania, we select children who were 7 to 15 years old in the 1990s and follow up with them in the first decade of the 2000s to study the consequences of child labor on adult employment. We estimate fixed effects linear probability models. We find that child labor is associated with vulnerable employment in adulthood. Negative adult employment effects arise when children who are younger than 11-12 work more than ten to twenty hours per week. This result is driven by girls. As for types of child labor, work on the household farm shows the largest negative effects.

Keywords: child labor, vulnerable employment, unpaid work, women's employment in developing countries, Kagera region of Tanzania, Africa

JEL Classification: J13, J21, J24

Suggested Citation

Burrone, Sara and Giannelli, Gianna, Does Child Labor Lead to Vulnerable Employment in Adulthood? Evidence for Tanzania (February 2019). IZA Discussion Paper No. 12162. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3390149

Sara Burrone (Contact Author)

University of Florence

Piazza di San Marco, 4
Florence, 50121
Italy

Gianna Giannelli

University of Florence ( email )

Piazza di San Marco, 4
Florence, 50121
Italy

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