Improving Access and Quality in Early Childhood Development Programs: Experimental Evidence from the Gambia

59 Pages Posted: 21 May 2019

See all articles by Moussa Blimpo

Moussa Blimpo

University of Toronto - Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy

Pedro Carneiro

Georgetown University

Pamela Jervis

University College London

Todd Pugatch

Oregon State University; IZA

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Abstract

This paper studies two experiments of early childhood development programs in The Gambia: one increasing access to services, and another improving service quality. In the first experiment, new community-based early childhood development (ECD) centers were introduced to randomly chosen villages that had no pre-existing structured ECD services. In the second experiment, a randomly assigned subset of existing ECD centers received intensive provider training. We find no evidence that either intervention improved average levels of child development. Exploratory analysis suggests that, in fact, the first experiment, which increased access to relatively low quality ECD services, led to declines in child development among children from less disadvantaged households. Evidence supports that these households may have been steered away from better quality early childhood settings in their homes.

Keywords: early childhood development, cognitive stimulation, teacher training, The Gambia, randomized control trials, Malawi Developmental Assessment Tool

JEL Classification: I25, I38, O15, O22

Suggested Citation

Blimpo, Moussa and Carneiro, Pedro and Jervis, Pamela and Pugatch, Todd, Improving Access and Quality in Early Childhood Development Programs: Experimental Evidence from the Gambia. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12163, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3390150 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3390150

Moussa Blimpo (Contact Author)

University of Toronto - Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy ( email )

Toronto, Ontario
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/mpblimpo/

Pedro Carneiro

Georgetown University ( email )

Washington, DC 20057
United States

Pamela Jervis

University College London ( email )

Gower Street
London, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom

Todd Pugatch

Oregon State University ( email )

Corvallis, OR 97331
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/toddpugatch/

IZA ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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