Implementing a Competition Law System—Three Decades of Polish Experience
8(1) Journal of Antitrust Enforcement 165-215 (2020)
61 Pages Posted: 30 May 2019 Last revised: 27 Aug 2020
Date Written: May 1, 2019
This report critically analyses the introduction and development of a system of competition law in Poland prior to 2016, a period when the country underwent two fundamental transitions: from a centrally planned economy to free markets and from communism to democracy. In particular, the study focuses on the competition agency’s setup, advocacy and enforcement efforts. It also examines the position and input of the judiciary, practitioners and the broader epistemic community. The study uniquely benefits from in-depth interviews with individuals who shaped the Polish system over nearly thirty years of its existence (inclusive of all former heads of the agency, judges, leading practitioners and agency advisors) and from analysis of newly gathered data and statistics. It also draws on broader scholarship on new competition regimes. The findings are aimed to inform refinements in Poland and other countries establishing or developing competition law systems. This study will be particularly salient in countries that are undergoing or have undergone similar economic and/or political transitions.
Keywords: competition law, antitrust, competition law institutions, legal institutions, institutional design, enforcement, competition advocacy, courts, economic development, developing country, Poland
JEL Classification: K21, K23, L40, L44, L50, O10, O43, P30, P31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation