In Search of Philippine Chaebols

68 Pages Posted: 19 Jun 2019

See all articles by Ronald U. Mendoza

Ronald U. Mendoza

Ateneo De Manila University - Ateneo School of Government

Ma. Diyina Gem Arbo

World Trade Organization (WTO)

Jerome Patrick Cruz

Department of Economics, Ateneo de Manila University; Ateneo de Manila University

Date Written: January 2018

Abstract

Historically, large-scale capital-intensive industries have played a key role in many developing countries' industrialization. Some countries created state-owned enterprises (SOEs) with heavy government intervention and support to complete production chains to meet demand and export markets. South Korea, for one, has been known for the success of the chaebol, a large family-controlled and diversified private company that received strong government industrial policy support. Similar to South Korean chaebols, the Philippines have conglomerates, large, family-owned corporations comprised of smaller subsidiaries with a considerable footprint on the national economy. This paper fills a gap in the policy literature through the review of historical developments in selected Philippine industries and where key players tend to dominate. Furthermore, this paper shows evidence that some Philippine conglomerates displayed expansion behavior similar to East Asian economies like South Korea. The study also uncovers behavioral trends of these firms' diversification into non-traded service industries that were less conducive to rapid industrial development. Finally, it concludes with a brief discussion on how Philippine conglomerates contribute to the country's inclusive development agenda.

Keywords: inclusive development, inclusive growth, Philippine conglomerates, economic footpint, chaebol, industrial policy, diversification history

JEL Classification: C67, O11, O43, O53, G38, H32

Suggested Citation

Mendoza, Ronald U. and Arbo, Ma. Diyina Gem and Cruz, Jerome Patrick, In Search of Philippine Chaebols (January 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3392242 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3392242

Ronald U. Mendoza (Contact Author)

Ateneo De Manila University - Ateneo School of Government ( email )

Katipunan Road
Loyola Heights
Quezon City, 1108
Philippines

Ma. Diyina Gem Arbo

World Trade Organization (WTO) ( email )

Rue de Lausanne 154
Geneva 21, CH-1211
Switzerland

Jerome Patrick Cruz

Department of Economics, Ateneo de Manila University ( email )

P.O. Box 154
Manila
Philippines

Ateneo de Manila University ( email )

P.O. Box 154
Manila
Philippines

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