Intergenerational Educational Mobility in Rural Economy: Evidence from China and India

52 Pages Posted: 11 Jun 2019

See all articles by M. Shahe Emran

M. Shahe Emran

George Washington University - Department of Economics

Francisco H. G. Ferreira

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Yajing Jiang

Charles River Associates

Yan Sun

World Bank

Date Written: May 20, 2019

Abstract

We extend the Becker-Tomes (1986) model of intergenerational educational mobility to a rural economy characterized by occupational dualism (farm vs. nonfarm) and provide a comparative analysis of rural India and rural China. Using two exceptional data-sets, we estimate father-sons intergenerational educational persistence in farm and nonfarm households free of truncation bias due to coresidency. The sons in rural India faced lower educational mobility compared to the sons in rural China in the 1990s and earlier. Father's nonfarm occupation and education were complementary in determining a son's schooling in India, but separable in China. However, the separability observed for the older cohorts in rural China broke down for the younger cohort. Evidence from supplementary data on economic mechanisms shows that the extended Becker-Tomes model provides plausible explanations for both the cross-country heterogeneity (India vs. China) and the evolution of mobility across cohorts in China.

Keywords: Educational Mobility, Rural Economy, Occupational Dualism, Farm-Nonfarm, Complementarity, Coresidency Bias, China, India

JEL Classification: J 62, O12

Suggested Citation

Emran, M. Shahe and Ferreira, Francisco H. G. and Jiang, Yajing and Sun, Yan, Intergenerational Educational Mobility in Rural Economy: Evidence from China and India (May 20, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3393904 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3393904

M. Shahe Emran (Contact Author)

George Washington University - Department of Economics ( email )

2115 G Street NW
302 Monroe Hall
Washington, DC 20052
United States

Francisco H. G. Ferreira

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-4382 (Phone)

Yajing Jiang

Charles River Associates ( email )

1201 F Street, N.W., Suite 700
Washington, DC 20004-1204
United States
2026623950 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.crai.com/expert/yajing-jiang

Yan Sun

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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