The Consequences of Contention: Understanding the Aftereffects of Political Conflict and Violence

Posted: 28 May 2019

See all articles by Christian Davenport

Christian Davenport

Political Science/Center for Political Studies

Håvard Mokleiv Nygård

International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO)

Hanne Fjelde

International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO)

David A. Armstrong

University of Western Ontario

Date Written: May 2019

Abstract

What are the political and economic consequences of contention (i.e., genocide, civil war, state repression/human rights violation, terrorism, and protest)? Despite a significant amount of interest as well as quantitative research, the literature on this subject remains underdeveloped and imbalanced across topic areas. To date, investigations have been focused on particular forms of contention and specific consequences. While this research has led to some important insights, substantial limitations—as well as opportunities for future development—remain. In particular, there is a need for simultaneously investigating a wider range of consequences (beyond democracy and economic development), a wider range of contentious activity (beyond civil war, protest, and terrorism), a wider range of units of analysis (beyond the nation year), and a wider range of empirical approaches in order to handle particular difficulties confronting this type of inquiry (beyond ordinary least-squares regression). Only then will we have a better and more comprehensive understanding of what contention does and does not do politically and economically. This review takes stock of existing research and lays out an approach for looking at the problem using a more comprehensive perspective.

Suggested Citation

Davenport, Christian and Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv and Fjelde, Hanne and Armstrong, David A., The Consequences of Contention: Understanding the Aftereffects of Political Conflict and Violence (May 2019). Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 22, pp. 361-377, 2019. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3394059 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-polisci-050317-064057

Christian Davenport (Contact Author)

Political Science/Center for Political Studies ( email )

Ann Arbor, MI 48109
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.christiandavenport.com

Håvard Mokleiv Nygård

International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) ( email )

Oslo
N-0260 Oslo
Norway

Hanne Fjelde

International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) ( email )

Oslo
N-0260 Oslo
Norway

David A. Armstrong

University of Western Ontario ( email )

1151 Richmond Street
Suite 2
London, Ontario N6A 5B8
Canada

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