The Determinants of CO2 Emissions in MENA Countries: A Responsiveness Scores Approach

International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology (2019), DOI: 10.1080/13504509.2019.1606863, ISSN: 1745-2627

Posted: 12 Jun 2019

See all articles by Cosimo Magazzino

Cosimo Magazzino

University of Rome III; Royal Economic Society; Italian Economic Association

Giovanni Cerulli

National Research Council (CNR)

Date Written: 2019

Abstract

This paper examines the relationship among carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, GDP, and energy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries by using a Responsiveness Scores (RS) approach. Empirical results over the period 1971–2013 suggest that GDP per capita and energy consumption show positive RSs, while trade and urban population negative ones. Moreover, energy consumption and urban population reveal moderate increasing returns to scale, while GDP per capita exhibits decreasing positive returns. Furthermore, three-way factors analysis sets out that most of the countries lays on regions with moderate negative Total Responsiveness Scores (TRS). This means that when all factors are jointly increased, CO2 emissions have a moderate decrease. In addition, some GCC countries present a different pattern compared to the average pattern of MENA countries. Finally, radar plots indicate that, overall, RS pattern over factors is moderately heterogeneous within GCC countries, with larger variability appearing in the response to urban population and GDP.

Keywords: carbon dioxide emissions, energy consumption, economic growth, responsiveness scores, MENA

Suggested Citation

Magazzino, Cosimo and Cerulli, Giovanni, The Determinants of CO2 Emissions in MENA Countries: A Responsiveness Scores Approach (2019). International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology (2019), DOI: 10.1080/13504509.2019.1606863, ISSN: 1745-2627, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3394153

Cosimo Magazzino (Contact Author)

University of Rome III ( email )

Via Ostiense 139
Rome, RM 00154
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://scienzepolitiche.uniroma3.it/cmagazzino/

Royal Economic Society ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Italian Economic Association ( email )

Piazzale Martelli, 8
Ancona, AN 60121
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.siecon.org/online/en/

Giovanni Cerulli

National Research Council (CNR)

Bologna
Italy

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