Privacy, Identity and Anonymity

Ian Kerr & Jennifer Barrigar, "Privacy, Identity and Anonymity" in Kirstie Ball, David Lyon, Kevin D. Haggerty, eds, Routledge Handbook of Surveillance Studies (New York: Routledge, 2012) 386.

20 Pages Posted: 14 Jun 2019

See all articles by Ian R. Kerr

Ian R. Kerr

University of Ottawa - Common Law Section

Jennifer Barrigar

University of Ottawa - Faculty of Law

Date Written: April 1, 2012

Abstract

This chapter considers the complex interrelationship of privacy, identity and anonymity in an increasingly networked society through an exploration of the evolution of network technologies and consequent shifts in social and technological architectures. The rise of ubiquitous computing has precipitated a shift in the network architecture — from one in which anonymity was the default — to one in which nearly every online transaction is subject to monitoring and the possibility of identity authentication. This technological transformation necessarily affects the relationship between privacy, identity and anonymity.

This chapter suggests that individual experience will become increasingly characterized and shaped by ubiquitous computing, social networks, information intermediaries, actuarial justice and social sorting. Privacy, identity, and anonymity are briefly examined in three distinct parts. A case study on anonymity in a network society demonstrates that the creation of appropriate regulatory protections depends on the preservation of commitments to fundamental underlying rights, such as freedom of speech, autonomy, equality, and security of the person. The extent to which an individual has the ability to manage their own privacy, including the power to identify oneself or to speak anonymously, is argued to be inherently linked to the concept of surveillance.

Keywords: privacy, privacy law, surveillance, anonymity, identity, technology law

Suggested Citation

Kerr, Ian R. and Barrigar, Jennifer, Privacy, Identity and Anonymity (April 1, 2012). Ian Kerr & Jennifer Barrigar, "Privacy, Identity and Anonymity" in Kirstie Ball, David Lyon, Kevin D. Haggerty, eds, Routledge Handbook of Surveillance Studies (New York: Routledge, 2012) 386., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3396076 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3396076

Ian R. Kerr (Contact Author)

University of Ottawa - Common Law Section ( email )

57 Louis Pasteur Street
Ottawa, K1N 6N5
Canada
613-562-5800 (Phone)

Jennifer Barrigar

University of Ottawa - Faculty of Law ( email )

57 Louis Pasteur Street
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5
Canada

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