Tourism and Insecurity in the World

International Review of Economics, Volume 66, Issue 4, pp 453–472 (2019)

21 Pages Posted: 13 Jun 2019 Last revised: 11 Nov 2019

See all articles by Simplice Asongu

Simplice Asongu

African Governance and Development Institute

Joseph I. Uduji

University of Nigeria Enugu Campus

Elda N. Okolo-Obasi

Development Strategy Centre Nigeria

Date Written: January 29, 2019

Abstract

The study assesses the role of forces of law and order in modulating the insecurity-tourism nexus in 163 countries for the period 2010 to 2015. Policy syndromes or insecurity dynamics include: violent crime, access to weapons, political instability and perception of criminality while the policy variables of forces of law and order are captured with “security officers & police” and “armed service personnel”. The empirical evidence is based on Negative Binomial regressions. The findings show that the policy variables can be effectively used to crowd-out the negative incidence of policy syndromes on tourist arrivals. The results are contingent on net effects (from conditional and unconditional effects), insecurity dynamics and thresholds. A threshold is an inflexion point at which the unfavorable unconditional effect from a policy syndrome of insecurity on tourist arrivals is completely neutralized by policy variables of forces of law and order. Policy implications are discussed.

Keywords: Insecurity; Peace; Tourism

JEL Classification: D74; Z32; Z38

Suggested Citation

Asongu, Simplice and Uduji, Joseph I. and Okolo-Obasi, Elda N., Tourism and Insecurity in the World (January 29, 2019). International Review of Economics, Volume 66, Issue 4, pp 453–472 (2019), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3396169 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3396169

Simplice Asongu (Contact Author)

African Governance and Development Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 8413
Yaoundé, 8413
Cameroon

Joseph I. Uduji

University of Nigeria Enugu Campus ( email )

Department of Accountancy
Box 15540, Enugu
Enugu, NC Enugu 234
Nigeria

Elda N. Okolo-Obasi

Development Strategy Centre Nigeria ( email )

84Nza Street Independence Layout Enugu
Enugu, 400001
Nigeria
08063631111 (Phone)
400001 (Fax)

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