Why Migration Is Not the Solution for Africa's Youth Crisis
Jaji, Rose. 2019. Why Migration is Not the Solution for Africa's Youth Crisis. In Africa Report Series, edited by Christopher Zambakari and Matthew Edwards. Phoenix, AZ: The Zambakari Advisory.
7 Pages Posted: 15 Jun 2019 Last revised: 13 Nov 2019
Date Written: June 3, 2019
Young people in Africa are faced with bleak economic prospects and limited employment opportunities regardless of their professional qualifications. Notwithstanding statistics showing that young people below the age of twenty-five constitute the majority of the population in Africa at more than 60% (Ibrahim 2019), African governments have not done enough to create opportunities and give young Africans hope for a better future on the continent. Against this background, migration has captured the imagination of many young Africans despite countless deaths on the Mediterranean Sea as boats unsuitable for the voyage to Europe capsize. African migrants who attempt to cross the Mediterranean Sea are survivors of the perils of the journey to North Africa including the trans-Saharan passage and slavery. There has also been another migration trajectory to the Middle East, predominantly undertaken by young African women. But what prospects await young Africans who arrive in Europe? And how have African migrant women fared in the Middle East?
Keywords: Africa, Europe, Migration, Youth Crisis, Displacement, Immigration, Middle East, Remittances, Trafficking in persons, Statelessness, Assimilation, border security
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