Does Innovative Effort Matter for Corporate Performance in Spanish Companies in a Context of Financial Crisis? A Fuzzy-Set QCA Approach

Empirical Economics, vol. 56, número 5, págs. 1707-1727. I.S.S.N.: 0377-7332 (printed version) y 1435-8921 (online version), Forthcoming

Posted: 18 Jun 2019

Date Written: May 1, 2019

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to examine whether innovative effort is a key driver of the financial performance of a set of 3860 Spanish companies in a context of financial crisis. For this purpose, we use contrarian case analysis and configural analysis using fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis to test themain tenets of complexity theory:

(1) innovative effort, as a single antecedent condition, is not a sufficient or necessary factor of a high score in corporate performance;

(2) a few possible configurations lead to high corporate performance (equifinality principle);

(3) contrarian cases occur; and

(4) causal configurations for high scores for corporate performance are not the mirror opposites of causal configurations for low scores for corporate performance (causal asymmetry principle).

The findings suggest that innovative effort, as a single antecedent condition, is not a sufficient or necessary factor for a high score in corporate performance.

Keywords: Innovation, Corporate performance, fsQCA, Contrarian case analysis, Configural analysis, Complexity theory

JEL Classification: L25, O31, G39

Suggested Citation

González-Velasco, Carmen and González-Fernández, Marcos and Fanjul-Suárez, José Luis, Does Innovative Effort Matter for Corporate Performance in Spanish Companies in a Context of Financial Crisis? A Fuzzy-Set QCA Approach (May 1, 2019). Empirical Economics, vol. 56, número 5, págs. 1707-1727. I.S.S.N.: 0377-7332 (printed version) y 1435-8921 (online version), Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3400360

Carmen González-Velasco (Contact Author)

Universidad de León ( email )

Leon, 24071
Spain

Marcos González-Fernández

Universidad de León ( email )

Leon, 24071
Spain

José Luis Fanjul-Suárez

Universidad de León ( email )

Leon, 24071
Spain

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