An Introduction to Pensionomics

14 Pages Posted: 17 Jun 2019

See all articles by Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada

Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada

University of Malaya (UM) - Faculty of Economics & Administration (FEA)

Evangelos Koutronas

Universiti Sains Malaysia

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 7, 2019


This paper introduces Pensionomics, a new concept that examines retirement within a multidisciplinary context. In particular, the overall assessment of pension performance is based on historical analysis, incorporating non-economic variables with significant impact on economic growth and social development. The Pension Consistency (PC) Index consists of 9 main-variables and 50 sub-variables to identify pension scheme consistency levels. Study findings indicate that the inclusion of qualitative variables reveal unprompted and unbound input about the long-term prospects of pension schemes. Policy directions are also discussed.

Keywords: Econographicology, Pension systems, Multi-Dimensional graphs and Multi-Dimensional Geometry

JEL Classification: E65

Suggested Citation

Ruiz Estrada, Mario Arturo and Koutronas, Evangelos, An Introduction to Pensionomics (June 7, 2019). Available at SSRN: or

Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada (Contact Author)

University of Malaya (UM) - Faculty of Economics & Administration (FEA) ( email )

Kuala Lumpur, 50603
+60126850293 (Phone)


Evangelos Koutronas

Universiti Sains Malaysia ( email )

Minden, Penang

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