Credit-Valuation in the Sovereing CDS and Bonds Markets: Evidence from the Euro Area Crisis
44 Pages Posted: 12 Jun 2019
Date Written: 2012
We analyse the extent to which prices in the sovereign credit default swap (CDS) and bond markets reflect the same information on credit risk in the context of the European Monetary Union. The empirical analysis is based on the theoretical equivalence relation that should hold between the CDS and bond spreads in a frictionless environment. We first test and find evidence in favour of the existence of persistent deviations between both spreads during the crisis but not before. Such deviations are found to be related to some market frictions, like counterparty risk, market illiquidity, and funding costs. We also find evidence suggesting that the price-discovery process is state-dependent. Specifically, the levels of counterparty and global risk, funding costs, market liquidity, volume of debt purchases by the European Central Bank in the secondary market, and the banks’ willingness to accept losses on their holdings of Greek bonds are found to be significant factors in determining which market leads price discovery.
Keywords: sovereign credit default swaps, sovereign bonds, credit spreads, price discovery
JEL Classification: G10, G14, G15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation