Perspectives and Approaches in AI Ethics: East Asia

Dubber, Markus, Pasquale, Frank, and Das, Sunit, (Eds.) Oxford Handbook of Ethics of Artificial Intelligence, Oxford University Press, Forthcoming

28 Pages Posted: 18 Jun 2019

See all articles by Danit Gal

Danit Gal

Keio University Cyber Civilization Research Center

Date Written: June 7, 2019

Abstract

This chapter introduces readers to distinct Chinese, Japanese, and South Korean perspectives on and approaches to AI and robots as tools and partners in the AI ethics debate. Little discussed and often ignored, this sensitive topic commands our attention as it continues to grow in local importance. Given East Asia’s influential position as a source of global inspiration, development, and supply of AI and robotics, we would do well to inform ourselves of what’s to come. Each country’s perspectives on and approaches to AI and robots on the tool-partner spectrum are evaluated by examining its policy, academic thought, local practices, and popular culture. This analysis places South Korea in the tool range, China in the middle of the spectrum, and Japan in the partner range. All three countries hold a salient tension between top-down tool approaches and bottom-up partner perspectives. This tension is likely to increase both in magnitude and importance and shape local and global development and regulation trajectories in the years to come.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, AI Ethics, Anthropomorphized Tools Paradox, China, East Asia, Japan, Robots, South Korea, Techno-Animism

Suggested Citation

Gal, Danit, Perspectives and Approaches in AI Ethics: East Asia (June 7, 2019). Dubber, Markus, Pasquale, Frank, and Das, Sunit, (Eds.) Oxford Handbook of Ethics of Artificial Intelligence, Oxford University Press, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3400816 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3400816

Danit Gal (Contact Author)

Keio University Cyber Civilization Research Center ( email )

2-15-45 Mita
Minato-ku
Tokyo, 108-8345
Japan

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