Green Technology and Patents in the Presence of Green Consumers
46 Pages Posted: 13 Jun 2019
Date Written: May 2019
We develop a theoretical framework to investigate the impact of patent policies and emis- sion taxes on green innovation that reduces the emission output ratio, and on the emission level. In the absence of green consumers, the introduction of patents results in a paradox whereby increasing emission tax beyond a certain threshold leads to a discrete increase in the emission level, which may be avoided by reducing the patenting cost. In the presence of green consumers, this paradox is restricted to an intermediate range of tax rates, and at su¢ ciently high tax rates, reducing the patenting cost may increase the emission level. Also, higher emission taxes increase green investment only if the fraction of green consumers is su¢ ciently small, and the magnitude of this e¤ect decreases as this fraction increases. Moreover, a stricter patentability requirement is only e¤ective at reducing emissions if the fraction of green consumers is su¢ ciently small.
Keywords: Patent, Clean Technologies, Environmentally Friendly Consumersated
JEL Classification: O34, L13, Q50
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation