Brother or Invaders? How Crisis-Driven Migrants Shape Voting Behavior

51 Pages Posted: 17 Jun 2019

See all articles by Sandra Rozo

Sandra Rozo

University of Southern California - Marshall School of Business; University of Southern California - Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics

Juan F. Vargas

Universidad del Rosario

Date Written: June 7, 2019

Abstract

Can voter's negative attitudes toward immigration be explained by self-interest or sociotropic motives? Self-interested voters care about their personal economic circumstances. Sociotropic voters display in-group bias and perceive migrants as threats to their culture. We study the voting effects of forced internal and international migration in Colombia and exploit the disproportionate flows of migrants to municipalities with early settlements of individuals from their origin locations. In line with the sociotropic hypothesis, we find that only international migration inflows increase political participation and shift votes from left- to right-wing ideologies. These results are not accounted for by the observed changes caused by migrants in socioeconomic variables.

Keywords: immigration, electoral outcomes, political economy

JEL Classification: D72, F2, O15, R23

Suggested Citation

Rozo, Sandra and Vargas, Juan F., Brother or Invaders? How Crisis-Driven Migrants Shape Voting Behavior (June 7, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3401036

Sandra Rozo (Contact Author)

University of Southern California - Marshall School of Business ( email )

701 Exposition Blvd
Los Angeles, CA 90089
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.sandravrozo.com

University of Southern California - Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics ( email )

635 Downey Way
Los Angeles, CA 90089-3333
United States

Juan F. Vargas

Universidad del Rosario ( email )

Calle 12 No. 6-25
Bogota, DC
Colombia

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