Socio-Economic Determinants of Rural Household Food Expenditure: A Quantile Regression Analysis

10 Pages Posted: 10 Jun 2019

See all articles by K. Sotsha

K. Sotsha

National Agricultural Marketing Council

K. Rambau

National Agricultural Marketing Council

T. Khoza

National Agricultural Marketing Council

Victor Mmbengwa

National Agricultural Marketing Council (NAMC)

Simphiwe Ngqangweni

National Agricultural Marketing Council (NAMC)

Date Written: February 28, 2019

Abstract

This paper provides an analysis of factors that influence rural household expenditure on food using a quantile regression analysis. The objective was to investigate if there are any relationships to discern between household expenditure on food and a number of other socio-economic factors in addition to household income and household size as stipulated in Engel’s law. The results indicate that indeed there are relationships that could be discerned between household food expenditure and gender, education, occupation, household income, number of people depending on household income, gender distribution by age groups and number of livestock sales per annum. However, household income has a relatively smaller effect in magnitude as compared to the rest of these factors. Furthermore, the results show that the relationships differ along the quantiles. In other words, some factors had a significant and higher effect in the lower quantile compared to the higher quantile. On the basis of such results, the study suggests that tailor-made interventions should be considered in the development initiatives that are targeting rural households as different factors affect these households differently.

Keywords: socio-economic, household, decision making, food expenditure

Suggested Citation

Sotsha, K. and Rambau, K. and Khoza, T. and Mmbengwa, Victor and Ngqangweni, Simphiwe, Socio-Economic Determinants of Rural Household Food Expenditure: A Quantile Regression Analysis (February 28, 2019). OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 12, No. 02, pp. 19-26, 2019. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3401111

K. Sotsha (Contact Author)

National Agricultural Marketing Council ( email )

Private Bag X935
Pretoria
South Africa

K. Rambau

National Agricultural Marketing Council ( email )

Pretoria
South Africa

T. Khoza

National Agricultural Marketing Council ( email )

Private Bag X935
Pretoria
South Africa

Victor Mmbengwa

National Agricultural Marketing Council (NAMC) ( email )

Pretoria
South Africa

Simphiwe Ngqangweni

National Agricultural Marketing Council (NAMC) ( email )

Pretoria
South Africa

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
29
Abstract Views
100
PlumX Metrics