Sons or Daughters? The Impact of Children's Migration on the Health and Well-Being of Parents Left Behind

65 Pages Posted: 10 Jun 2019

See all articles by Jackline Wahba

Jackline Wahba

University of Southampton, Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Chuhong Wang

University of Southampton

Abstract

We study the impact of adult children's internal migration on the health and subjective well-being of elderly parents left behind, distinguishing between the gender of the migrant children. To overcome migration endogeneity, we exploit novel and exogenous variation in children's astrological characteristics and apply instrumental variables methods. We find a positive effect of the migration of daughters on parents' health and life satisfaction, but no such beneficial effects when sons migrate. We further explore the mechanism through which this gender-biased migration effect may arise. Our findings have important implications for regions and countries that have high rates of female emigration.

Keywords: migration, health, subjective well-being, gender, Chinese zodiac signs

JEL Classification: O15, I12, J14, J16, R23

Suggested Citation

Wahba, Jackline and Wang, Chuhong, Sons or Daughters? The Impact of Children's Migration on the Health and Well-Being of Parents Left Behind. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12370, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3401138

Jackline Wahba (Contact Author)

University of Southampton, Department of Economics ( email )

Southampton, SO171BJ
United Kingdom
+44 23 8059 3996 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/jackiewahba/

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Chuhong Wang

University of Southampton

University Rd.
Southampton SO17 1BJ, SO17 1LP
United Kingdom

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