Economic Incentives, Home Production and Gender Identity Norms

58 Pages Posted: 10 Jun 2019

See all articles by Andrea Ichino

Andrea Ichino

European University Institute

Martin Olsson

Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN)

Barbara Petrongolo

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Centre for Economic Performance (CEP); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Peter Skogman Thoursie

Stockholm University

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: May 2019

Abstract

We infer the role of gender identity norms from the reallocation of childcare across parents, following changes in their relative wages. By exploiting variation from a Swedish tax reform, we estimate the elasticity of substitution in parental childcare for the whole population and for demographic groups potentially adhering to differently binding norms. We find that immigrant, married and male breadwinner couples, as well as couples with a male first-born, react more strongly to tax changes that induce a more traditional allocation of spouses' time, while the respective counterpart couples react more strongly to tax changes that induce a more egalitarian division of labor.

Keywords: home production, taxes, gender identity, gender gaps

JEL Classification: D13, H24, J22

Suggested Citation

Ichino, Andrea and Olsson, Martin and Petrongolo, Barbara and Skogman Thoursie, Peter, Economic Incentives, Home Production and Gender Identity Norms (May 2019). IZA Discussion Paper No. 12391. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3401158

Andrea Ichino (Contact Author)

European University Institute ( email )

Villa Schifanoia
133 via Bocaccio
Firenze (Florence), 50014
Italy

Martin Olsson

Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) ( email )

Box 55665
Grevgatan 34, 2nd floor
Stockholm, SE-102 15
Sweden

Barbara Petrongolo

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Centre for Economic Performance (CEP) ( email )

Houghton Street
London WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom
+44 20 7955 7799 (Phone)
+44 20 7955 7595 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Peter Skogman Thoursie

Stockholm University ( email )

Universitetsvägen 10
Stockholm, SE-106 91
Sweden

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