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Three-Dimensional Domain Patterns in Tetragonal-to-Monoclinic Bi 4ti 3O 12 Ceramics: Nonlinear Analysis and Piezoresponse Force Microscopy Imaging

30 Pages Posted: 10 Jun 2019 First Look: Accepted

See all articles by Shaoxiong Xie

Shaoxiong Xie

Sichuan University, College of Architecture and Environment, MOE Key Laboratory of Deep Earth Science and Engineering; University of Washington - Department of Mechanical Engineering

Yu Chen

Chengdu University - School of Mechanical Engineering; Sichuan University - College of Materials Science and Engineering

Guozhan Xia

University of Washington - Department of Mechanical Engineering; Zhejiang University, Faculty of Engineering, School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Key Laboratory of Soft Machines and Smart Devices of Zhejiang Province

Boyuan Huang

University of Washington - Department of Mechanical Engineering

Cong Liu

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) - Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Nanobiomechanics

Qingyuan Wang

Sichuan University, College of Architecture and Environment, MOE Key Laboratory of Deep Earth Science and Engineering; Chengdu University - School of Mechanical Engineering

Jiangyu Li

University of Washington - Department of Mechanical Engineering; Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Nanobiomechanics

Wenyuan Liu

University of Washington - Department of Mechanical Engineering; Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), School of Aerospace Engineering, State Key Laboratory for Strength and Vibration of Mechanical Structures

Abstract

Tetragonal-to-monoclinic Bi4ti3O12 (BIT) exhibits complicated domain patterns thanks to its two independently switchable spontaneous polarizations that lie in the ac plane of the monoclinic unit cell. Utilizing the nonlinear theory of ferroelectric phase transformation based on the deformation gradient tensor and spontaneous polarization, we systematically analyzed domain patterns in BIT, classifying its domain walls (DWs) into five different classes. Three-dimensional piezoresponse force microscopy (3D PFM) was then adopted to characterize the ceramic BIT, revealing intriguing domain patterns in planar, lateral, as well as tilted grains. Guided by the nonlinear theoretical analysis, 3D polarization distributions were successfully reconstructed, wherein 9°-, 90°-, 91°-, and 180°-DWs were observed along with 171°-charged DWs. The nonlinear analysis is thus confirmed by 3D PFM characterizations, and the combined theoretical analysis and experimental investigation contribute to our understanding on the 3D tetragonal-to-monoclinic ferroelectric domain patterns.

Keywords: Bi4Ti3O12, 3D PFM, domain pattern, polarization distribution, Tetragonal-to-monoclinic transformation

Suggested Citation

Xie, Shaoxiong and Chen, Yu and Xia, Guozhan and Huang, Boyuan and Liu, Cong and Wang, Qingyuan and Li, Jiangyu and Liu, Wenyuan, Three-Dimensional Domain Patterns in Tetragonal-to-Monoclinic Bi 4ti 3O 12 Ceramics: Nonlinear Analysis and Piezoresponse Force Microscopy Imaging (June 9, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3401360 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3401360

Shaoxiong Xie

Sichuan University, College of Architecture and Environment, MOE Key Laboratory of Deep Earth Science and Engineering

Chengdu
China

University of Washington - Department of Mechanical Engineering

Seattle, WA 98195
United States

Yu Chen

Chengdu University - School of Mechanical Engineering

Chengdu
China

Sichuan University - College of Materials Science and Engineering

Chengdu
China

Guozhan Xia

University of Washington - Department of Mechanical Engineering

Seattle, WA 98195
United States

Zhejiang University, Faculty of Engineering, School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Key Laboratory of Soft Machines and Smart Devices of Zhejiang Province

China

Boyuan Huang

University of Washington - Department of Mechanical Engineering

Seattle, WA 98195
United States

Cong Liu

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) - Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Nanobiomechanics

1068 Xueyuan Avenue
Shenzhen University Town
Shenzhen
China

Qingyuan Wang

Sichuan University, College of Architecture and Environment, MOE Key Laboratory of Deep Earth Science and Engineering ( email )

Chengdu
China

Chengdu University - School of Mechanical Engineering ( email )

Chengdu
China

Jiangyu Li (Contact Author)

University of Washington - Department of Mechanical Engineering ( email )

Seattle, WA 98195
United States

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Nanobiomechanics ( email )

1068 Xueyuan Avenue
Shenzhen University Town
Shenzhen
China

Wenyuan Liu

University of Washington - Department of Mechanical Engineering

Seattle, WA 98195
United States

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), School of Aerospace Engineering, State Key Laboratory for Strength and Vibration of Mechanical Structures

26 Xianning W Rd.
Xi'an Jiao Tong University
Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049
China

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