International Student Mobility: Growth and Dispersion

29 Pages Posted: 11 Jun 2019

See all articles by Neeraj Kaushal

Neeraj Kaushal

Columbia University - School of Social Work; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Mauro Lanati

European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS)

Date Written: June 2019

Abstract

Recent years have seen an unprecedented growth and geographic dispersion in international student mobility. In this paper, we empirically test the predictions of two competing theoretical models underpinning the determinants of student mobility – the human capital model and the migration model – across traditional and emerging destinations. Our findings suggest that while the predictions of the migration model are generally valid in explaining student emigration to non-English speaking OECD destinations, student flows to English speaking countries and emerging economies are largely in line with the predictions of the human capital model. The growing dispersion of international students to emerging economies and continuing large flows to English speaking countries are therefore indicative of the rising demand to acquire tertiary skills and much less of the desire to migrate for permanent settlement.

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Suggested Citation

Kaushal, Neeraj and Lanati, Mauro, International Student Mobility: Growth and Dispersion (June 2019). NBER Working Paper No. w25921, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3401627

Neeraj Kaushal (Contact Author)

Columbia University - School of Social Work ( email )

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United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Mauro Lanati

European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS) ( email )

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50016 San Domenico di Fiesole
Florence, Florence 50014
Italy

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