A Deep Dive: Does Big Data Improve Maturity in the Developed Capital Markets?
Singh, R.K. and Mitra, S.K. (2019) A Deep Dive: Does Big Data Improve Maturity in the Developed Capital Markets? Theoretical Economics Letters, 9, 60-74
15 Pages Posted: 19 Jun 2019
Date Written: January 29, 2019
Over this decade, the concept of big data has been applied to industries but the capital markets have been traditionally laggard to adoption. Within the financial services’ sector, Big Data has gained far more traction within retail banking and insurance due to the increasing desire of these financial institutions to profile and analyze their customers in a similar manner to early adopters of Big Data strategy such as Amazon, Baidu or Google. However, Big Data strategies have begun to make some impacts on few selected areas of the capital markets, including the social media sentiment analysis on the structured and unstructured data for trading, growth in volume, risk analytics, fraud prevention, market surveillance, predictability and forecasting of the equity prices; those are the early sign of the maturity of the capital markets. Technical and theoretical measures have evolved, but still these dimensions of the capital markets have been a mystery for the human beings till now. The Big Data in the form of structured, semi-structured and unstructured socio-economic and demographic information from social media and blogs from consumers has started indicating impacts on the capital markets which can lead to improving the real-time systems and transaction processing,and improving operational efficiency and maturity. The intent of this paper is threefold. First, it aims to bring the clear inference from the past researches to take a holistic analysis of the work done in the emerging area of Big Data and its implications on capital markets. Second, it’s to perform a deep analysis on how the influences of Big Data affect the assumptions in connection with Random Walk theory and Efficient Market Hypothesis. Third, it will provide a conclusive theoretical analysis of past research work by the scholars, which can establish the model to refine the nexus between investors’ sentiments and assets’ prices with advanced techniques in the Big Data. The paper has been divided into 4 broad sections. In the first section, the paper sets the introduction of connecting the dots and setting the context for the two different fields like Big Data and its influences on the capital markets. The second section explains the theoretical premises and frameworks needed for this research and does deep studies of the previous works in this area to establish conclusive references for the future study. The third section carries out the studies of emerging social media and technologies, analysis of the previous research works from the social media and the capital markets perspective. Finally, the fourth section concludes findings with recommendations.
Keywords: Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH), Capital Market Line (CML), Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), Security Market Line (SML), High Frequency Trading (HFT), Low Frequency Trading (LFT), Ultra High Frequency Data (UHFD), Data Science, Big Data, Natural Language Processing (NLP), Machine Learning (ML)
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