An Application of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale to Assess Food Security in Rural Communities of Nepal
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, Volume 6, Issue 2, pages 130-150 (2019)
21 Pages Posted: 12 Jun 2019
Date Written: February 12, 2019
The state of food (in)security in rural communities of different ecological zones of the Kaligandaki Basin, Nepal, is assessed using a Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS). The data were collected from 360 households using face‐to‐face interviews. The results show poor availability of food from subsistence production in the Middle‐Mountains and Trans‐Himalaya, whereas most households with sufficient purchasing power are able to access additional food from the market. Net food security is poor, with the highest level of insecurity in the Middle‐Mountains, followed by the Trans‐Himalaya and the Tarai. Although weaknesses were found in application of the HFIAS method due to respondent bias in subjective assessments of food insecurity in producer–consumer rural households, the method was found to be effective for rapidly incorporating utilization and stability elements into appraisals. Although not comprehensive, this approach has the potential to complement other forms of knowledge for designing targeted food policy in Nepal.
Keywords: food security, HFIAS, Himalaya, Kaligandaki Basin, Nepal
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