Science Parks and the Regional Socio-Economic Conditions for Their Development in Russia
Posted: 19 Jun 2019 Last revised: 2 Jul 2019
Date Written: October 4, 2017
Objectives of the research are science parks and regional circumstances of their development in Russia. Science parks is the driver of an economic growth of the territory and the country since 1960th (Silicon Valley in the USA). There was a fast growth of the amount of science parks in Russia starting from the first park in Tomsk to 179 organizations which have attributes of techno parks in 2015. Nevertheless, the general estimation shows, that the majority of them operates or functions inefficiently and share same issues. I considered 71 organizations in 30 regions of the Russian Federation, which were identified as technological parks by the Association of cluster and technological parks.
Prior work: I used surveys and the methodology of regions grouping, which is used by the Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation. I observed results of a competition between science parks in terms of real effect of their activities. I considered the common issues of science parks in Russia basing on the research of Russian scientists and venture organizations.
Approach: The research started from data retrieving of socio-economic indicators with further processing. I observed general problems and compared the conditions and the results of science parks activities.
Results: The difference found of the science parks efficiency between the groups of the regions. Approach provided for group mate science parks developing based on the catch-up development principle, with taking into account the general troubles. Implications: The results of the study can be useful for researches and practitioners, working on science parks (technological parks) development topic.
Value: The original approach of this research lets consider the development of science parks of the Russian Federation in light of socioeconomic conditions of the regional groups.
Keywords: Innovations, regional groups, technological parks
JEL Classification: O35
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation