AI and the Global South: Designing for Other Worlds

Forthcoming in Markus D. Dubber, Frank Pasquale, and Sunit Das (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI, Oxford University Press

15 Pages Posted: 15 Jul 2019 Last revised: 20 Jul 2019

See all articles by Chinmayi Arun

Chinmayi Arun

Harvard University - Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society

Date Written: June 9, 2019

Abstract

This chapter is about the ways in which AI affects, and will continue to affect, the Global South. It highlights why the design and deployment of AI in the South should concern us.

Towards this, it discusses what is meant by the South. The term has a history connected with the ‘Third World’ and has referred to countries that share post-colonial history and certain development goals. However scholars have expanded on, and refined, it to include different kinds of marginal, disenfranchised populations such that the South is now a plural concept - there are Souths.

The risks of the ways in which AI affects Southern populations include concerns of discrimination, bias, oppression, exclusion and bad design. These can be exacerbated in the context of vulnerable populations, especially those without access to human rights law or institutional remedies. This Chapter outlines these risks as well as the international human rights law that is applicable. It argues that a human rights-centric, inclusive, empowering context-driven approach is necessary.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Discrimination, Bias, Databases, Global South, South, Third World, Developing Countries, Privacy, Human Rights, Equality, Development, Social Security, Right to Work

Suggested Citation

Arun, Chinmayi, AI and the Global South: Designing for Other Worlds (June 9, 2019). Forthcoming in Markus D. Dubber, Frank Pasquale, and Sunit Das (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI, Oxford University Press, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3403010

Chinmayi Arun (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society ( email )

Harvard Law School
23 Everett, 2nd Floor
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
682
Abstract Views
3,239
rank
41,617
PlumX Metrics