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Tā e Lango' kei Mama'o: A Framework for Resilience Development in Tonga

16 Pages Posted: 19 Jun 2019

See all articles by Peni Havea

Peni Havea

University of the South Pacific

Antoine De Ramon N’Yeurt

University of the South Pacific

Helene Jacot Des Combes

Government of Marshall Islands

Sarah Louise Hemstock

Bishop Grosseteste University

Johannes M. Luetz

University of New South Wales (UNSW)

Laiseni Fanon Charisma Liava‘a

The College of St John the Evangelist

Elisapesi Havea

University of Waikato

More...

Abstract

Background: Tonga is known as the second to the most affected country in the world by climate change and disasters caused by natural hazards with a risk index value of 29.42%. With nine in ten of those with the highest risk to climate change impacts whose livelihoods, health and well-being were negatively affected, we aim to develop a framework for resilience (CCA & DRR) development in Tonga using the traditional proverb: Tā e Lango' kei Mama'o (cutting a lever [e.g. pieces of wood used to pull the canoe/small boat to a drier place in-land] in advance).

Methods: A mixed method approach: Concurrent Convergence Parallel Triangulation Design (CCPTD) uses on 460 participants aged 15 to 75 from five coastal communities - Kanokupolu, 'Ahau, Tukutonga, Popua and Manuka, in Tongatapu Islands.

Findings: Using the Tā e Lango' kei Mama'o process as a guide, we developed a framework for resilience development in Tonga.

Interpretation: The Tā e Lango' kei Mama'o process was designed to model a framework for resilience development in Tonga that is community-led adaptation-based using the insight of prevention in advance for any future climate events is better, wiser and cheaper than just curing it. Using this perspicacity as a guide, we recommended contemporary Tonga to use this universal model framework to help them achieve resilient Tonga by 2035 and beyond.

Funding Statement: PhD Regional Scholarship Fund (grant number 6F004-3107-70766- 00), of the University of the South Pacific.

Declaration of Interests: I, Peni Hausia Havea, declared that we do not have any competing interest.

Ethics Approval Statement: The University of the South Pacific (USP) Human Ethics Committee had approved the research to be conducted in Tonga.

Keywords: Tonga; resilience; climate change adaptation; Pacific; proverb; bottom-up approach; top-down approach

Suggested Citation

Havea, Peni and N’Yeurt, Antoine De Ramon and Jacot Des Combes, Helene and Hemstock, Sarah Louise and Luetz, Johannes M. and Liava‘a, Laiseni Fanon Charisma and Havea, Elisapesi, Tā e Lango' kei Mama'o: A Framework for Resilience Development in Tonga (November 6, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3403372 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3403372

Peni Havea (Contact Author)

University of the South Pacific ( email )

Laucala Campus
Suva
Fiji

Antoine De Ramon N’Yeurt

University of the South Pacific

Laucala Campus
Suva
Fiji

Helene Jacot Des Combes

Government of Marshall Islands

Marshall Islands

Sarah Louise Hemstock

Bishop Grosseteste University

United Kingdom

Johannes M. Luetz

University of New South Wales (UNSW)

Kensington
High St
Sydney, NSW 2052
Australia

Laiseni Fanon Charisma Liava‘a

The College of St John the Evangelist

New Zealand

Elisapesi Havea

University of Waikato

Te Raupapa
Private Bag 3105
Hamilton, 3240
New Zealand

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