Bienes de los clérigos (DCH) ((The Clergys' Assets (DCH))

28 Pages Posted: 18 Jun 2019

Date Written: January 21, 2018

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: El artículo explica la disciplina jurídica a la que estaban sujetos los bienes de los clérigos en el Nuevo Mundo. Su punto de partida es la descripción del contexto en el que la teología cristiana situó la cuestión relativa a la propiedad de los eclesiásticos, en el marco del discurso de la pobreza evangélica. Se examina, luego, el vocabulario técnico con el que se trató de esta cuestión en el derecho canónico y la teología, con las peculiaridades que tuvo en Hispanoamérica, y la preferencia que se dio a la terminología teológica con raíces romanas. Sobre esas bases se analizan las distintas especies de bienes de los clérigos, a saber, patrimoniales, cuasi patrimoniales, y beneficiales. A propósito de cada uno de ellos, se trata de las distintas adquisiciones de bienes, y se presta atención a la tradicional cuestión relativa a las negociaciones de los clérigos, en especial, cuando los tratos y contratos se realizaban con indígenas. Se presenta, así, un panorama que permite apreciar, por una parte, el régimen del derecho canónico común y, por otra, sus especialidades en Hispanoamérica, a la luz de su derecho canónico particular, las leyes indianas, y los juristas y teólogos que se dedicaron a los problemas del Nuevo Mundo.

English Abstract: The article explains the legal discipline to which the property of the clergy in the New World was subject. Its point of departure is the description of the context in which Christian theology placed the question regarding the property of ecclesiastics, within the framework of the discourse of evangelical poverty. It then examines the technical vocabulary with which this question was discussed in canon law and theology, with the peculiarities it had in Spanish America, and the preference given to theological terminology with Roman roots. On these bases, the different species of clerical assets are analyzed, namely, patrimonial, quasi-patrimonial, and beneficiary. Regarding each of them, the different kinds of acquisitions of goods is considered, while attention is paid to the traditional question regarding the negotiations of the clergy, especially when the deals and contracts were made with indigenous people. The article, thus, presents a panorama that allows to consider, on the one hand, the regime of common canon law and, on the other, its specificities in Hispanic-American, in the light of its particular canon law, the laws of the Indies, and the perspective of law specialists and theologians that were concerned with the problems of the New World.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

Keywords: Clergy, Assets, Property, Heritage, Peculium

Suggested Citation

Barrientos Grandón, Javier, Bienes de los clérigos (DCH) ((The Clergys' Assets (DCH)) (January 21, 2018). Max Planck Institute for European Legal History Research Paper Series No. 2019-15. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3403988 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3403988

Javier Barrientos Grandón (Contact Author)

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid ( email )

Campus Cantoblanco
C/Kelsen, 1
Madrid, Madrid 28049
Spain

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