Data Protection: A Friend or Foe of the Competition Law

39 Pages Posted: 14 May 2020

See all articles by Bulut Girgin

Bulut Girgin

King's College London; Kinstellar

Date Written: June 1, 2016


Personal data is one of the key inputs for competition in many industries and its importance is even higher in data-driven markets, such as online platforms. Data protection regulations by regulating the use of personal data also enable its commercialisation; therefore they can be regarded as market regulations. Since there is a commercialised asset and markets run on personal data, there are possible competition law issues that may arise from the impacts of data protection regulations on market competition. Unlike some scholars argue, competition law is not the best instrument to provide a better data protection for consumers but competition rules do apply to the undertakings that compete in order to accumulate more personal data and provide data protection services to their customers. There are some unique features of personal data and data protection regulations that may affect the application of competition law in this area.

Keywords: Competition Law, Data Protection, Personal Data, Antitrust Law, Right to be Forgotten, Privacy

JEL Classification: K21, K23

Suggested Citation

GİRGİN, BULUT, Data Protection: A Friend or Foe of the Competition Law (June 1, 2016). Available at SSRN: or

BULUT GİRGİN (Contact Author)

King's College London ( email )

London, England WC2R 2LS
United Kingdom

Kinstellar ( email )


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