Is Technology Widening the Gender Gap? Automation and the Future of Female Employment

38 Pages Posted: 14 Jun 2019

See all articles by Mariya Brussevich

Mariya Brussevich

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Era Dabla-Norris

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Salma Khalid

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Fiscal Affairs Department

Date Written: May 2019

Abstract

Using individual level data on task composition at work for 30 advanced and emerging economies, we find that women, on average, perform more routine tasks than men?tasks that are more prone to automation. To quantify the impact on jobs, we relate data on task composition at work to occupation level estimates of probability of automation, controlling for a rich set of individual characteristics (e.g., education, age, literacy and numeracy skills). Our results indicate that female workers are at a significantly higher risk for displacement by automation than male workers, with 11 percent of the female workforce at high risk of being automated given the current state of technology, albeit with significant cross-country heterogeneity. The probability of automation is lower for younger cohorts of women, and for those in managerial positions.

Keywords: Labor force participation, Labor market flexibility, Labor productivity, Human capital, Social safety nets, Automation, Technological Change, Jobs, Female Labor Force, Occupational Choice, Gender Equality, RTI, female worker, gender gap, significance level

JEL Classification: E24, J16, J23, J24, O33, E2, E01, Z13, O4

Suggested Citation

Brussevich, Mariya and Dabla-Norris, Era and Khalid, Salma, Is Technology Widening the Gender Gap? Automation and the Future of Female Employment (May 2019). IMF Working Paper No. 19/91. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3404071

Mariya Brussevich (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Era Dabla-Norris

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Salma Khalid

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Fiscal Affairs Department ( email )

700 19th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
29
Abstract Views
105
PlumX Metrics