Globalization, Market Power, and the Natural Interest Rate
26 Pages Posted: 14 Jun 2019
Date Written: May 2019
We argue that strong globalization forces have been an important determinant of globalreal interest rates over the last five decades, as they have been key drivers of changes inthe natural real interest rate-i.e. the interest rate consistent with output at its potentialand constant inflation. An important implication of our analysis is that increasedcompetition in goods and labor market since the 1970s can help explain both the largeincrease in real interest rates up to the mid-1980s and-as globalization forces mature andmay even go into reverse, leading to incrementally rising market power-its subsequentand protracted decline accompanied by lower inflation. The analysis has importantimplications for monetary policy and the optimal pace of normalization.
Keywords: Real interest rates, Market interest rates, Economic integration, Interest rates, Total factor productivity, low interest rate puzzle, globalization, natural interest rate, markups, real interest rate, markup, interest rate, global integration, productivity growth
JEL Classification: D43, D58, E17, E43, E44, E52, F62, E01, G21, E2, H
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation