Multilateral Development Banks, Their Member States and Public Accountability: A Proposal

Indian Journal of International Economic Law, Forthcoming

17 Pages Posted: 20 Jun 2019

See all articles by Daniel Bradlow

Daniel Bradlow

University of Pretoria - Centre for Human Rights; American University - Washington College of Law

Date Written: June 14, 2019

Abstract

More than 25 years ago the multilateral development banks (MDBs) began establishing independent accountability mechanisms (IAMs), such as the World Bank’s Inspection Panel, to address concerns about MDB accountability to those communities and groups who were harmed by their decisions and actions. This essay argues that these mechanisms need updating. In the interests of promoting new and creative thinking about these mechanisms, it makes an ambitious two-part proposal designed to improve the efficacy of the IAMs, while also respecting the sovereignty of their member states and protecting an appropriate level of immunity for the MDBs. First, the MDBs should jointly create a super- IAM that can receive requests for investigations from people who allege that they have been harmed by the failure of any MDB to comply with its own policies and procedures. Second, the MDB stakeholders should create an independent fund, financed by contributions from individuals, corporations, foundations, states and international organizations, that can provide support to communities and individuals who the super-IAM found were harmed by a non-compliant MDB-funded project.

Keywords: independent accountability mechanisms, international financial institutions, development finance, international organizations, multilateral development banks, international organizational immunity, sovereignty

JEL Classification: F02, F53, F55, O29

Suggested Citation

Bradlow, Daniel David, Multilateral Development Banks, Their Member States and Public Accountability: A Proposal (June 14, 2019). Indian Journal of International Economic Law, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3404157

Daniel David Bradlow (Contact Author)

University of Pretoria - Centre for Human Rights ( email )

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Pretoria
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American University - Washington College of Law ( email )

International Legal Studies Program
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United States
202-274-4205 (Phone)
202-274-4116 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.wcl.american.edu/faculty/bradlow/index.

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