The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement: Labor Rights and Environmental Protection

Mexico Center, Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy (June 13, 2019)

Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 19-13

12 Pages Posted: 15 Jun 2019

See all articles by David A. Gantz

David A. Gantz

Univ. Of Arizona College of Law; Mexico Center, Baker Institute

Date Written: June 13, 2019

Abstract

The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) provides chapters on labor rights and environmental protection that go well beyond the protections embodied in the two NAFTA "side Agreements" and in significant respects improve on those incorporated in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement negotiated by the Obama Administration. Among the most important USMCA innovations are requirements for new Mexican labor laws (now enacted) that for the first time should permit effective collective bargaining and union organization for workers in Mexico. The environmental provisions, while similar to those in the TPP in their treatment of such issues as over-fishing and marine pollution, also incorporate important procedural mechanisms such as NAFTA's Commission for Environmental Cooperation. This article discusses the evolution in labor and environmental protection from NAFTA to USMCA.

Keywords: free trade agreements, labor rights, environmental protection, NAFTA, USMCA, NAAEC, NAALC

Suggested Citation

Gantz, David A., The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement: Labor Rights and Environmental Protection (June 13, 2019). Mexico Center, Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy (June 13, 2019); Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 19-13. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3404238

David A. Gantz (Contact Author)

Univ. Of Arizona College of Law ( email )

P.O. Box 210176
Rogers College of Law
Tucson, AZ 85721-0176
United States
520-490-3004 (Phone)

Mexico Center, Baker Institute ( email )

6100 Main Street, MS-40
Houston, TX 77005
United States
520-490-3004 (Phone)

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