Does Workplace Competition Increase Labor Supply? Evidence from a Field Experiment

42 Pages Posted: 17 Jun 2019

See all articles by Amalia R. Miller

Amalia R. Miller

University of Virginia - Department of Economics

Ragan Petrie

Texas A&M University - Department of Economics; University of Melbourne - Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research

Carmit Segal

University of Zurich - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 2019

Abstract

This paper develops a novel field experiment to test the implicit prediction of tournament theory that competition increases work time and can therefore contribute to the long work hours required in elite occupations. A majority of workers in the treatment without explicit financial incentives worked past the minimum time, but awarding a tournament prize increased work time and effort by over 80% and lowered costs of effort or output by over a third. Effort was similar with alternative (piece rate, low-prize tournament) bonuses. Men worked longer than women in the high-prize tournament, but for the same duration in other treatments.

Institutional subscribers to the NBER working paper series, and residents of developing countries may download this paper without additional charge at www.nber.org.

Suggested Citation

Miller, Amalia R. and Petrie, Ragan and Segal, Carmit, Does Workplace Competition Increase Labor Supply? Evidence from a Field Experiment (June 2019). NBER Working Paper No. w25948. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3405135

Amalia R. Miller (Contact Author)

University of Virginia - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 400182
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4182
United States

HOME PAGE: http://people.virginia.edu/~am5by/

Ragan Petrie

Texas A&M University - Department of Economics ( email )

4228 TAMU
College Station, TX 77843-4228
United States

University of Melbourne - Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research ( email )

Level 5, FBE Building, 111 Barry Street
Parkville, Victoria 3010
Australia

Carmit Segal

University of Zurich - Department of Economics ( email )

Winterthurerstrasse 30
Z├╝rich, CH-8006
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/carmitsegal/

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
3
Abstract Views
26
PlumX Metrics