Entrepreneurship in Islamic Communities: How Do Islamic Values and Islamic Practices Influence Entrepreneurship Intentions?
Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, Forthcoming
32 Pages Posted: 21 Jun 2019
Date Written: June 17, 2019
Purpose: Prior research has investigated the development of Islamic communities. We contribute to this line of research by analyzing the effects of Islamic values and Islamic religious practices on entrepreneurship intentions in Islamic communities. Using theory of planned behavior as a theoretical lens, we also take into account that the relationship between religion and entrepreneurial intentions can be mediated by individual’s attitude towards entrepreneurship.
Design/methodology/approach: We analyze primary data obtained from a sample of 1,895 Pakistani university students. We use structural equation modeling to perform a nuanced assessment of the relationship between Islamic values and practices and entrepreneurship intentions and to account for mediating effects.
Findings: Our results show that both Islamic values and Islamic practices positively influence entrepreneurship intentions. Both effects are mediated by the attitude towards entrepreneurship.
Originality/value: We contribute to prior research on entrepreneurship in Islamic communities by applying a more fine-grained approach to capture the link between religion and entrepreneurship. Further, we contribute to the literature on entrepreneurship intentions by showing that the influence of religion on entrepreneurship intentions is mainly due to religious values and practices, which shape the attitude towards entrepreneurship and thereby influence entrepreneurship intentions in religious communities.
Keywords: Islamic Communities, Islamic Values, Islamic Religious Practices, Entrepreneurship Intentions, Attitude Towards Entrepreneurship, Mediation
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