Technicians and Innovation: A Literature Review
44 Pages Posted: 8 Jul 2019
Date Written: June 17, 2019
This report examines the role that technicians play in innovation. Technicians are workers who possess intermediate skills. Their contribution to innovation - that is, to the development and diffusion of new technologies - is analysed using as a theoretical framework the so-called innovation systems approach. Technicians contribute to innovation in a number of ways, perhaps most notably through contributing to firms' absorptive capacity (that is, firms' capacity to understand and make effective use of new knowledge about products and production processes). The possibility of so-called 'system failures', whereby the set of organisations and institutions involved in vocational education and training fails to supply the skilled technician labour required to complement new technologies, is considered (along with possible solutions).
Keywords: innovation, technicians, innovation systems, system failures, skills shortages, over-education, human capital, institutions, research and development, industrial policy, catapult centres
JEL Classification: J01, J08, J18, J24, L6, L52, L60, M5, M53
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation