The Cellular Diversity and Transcription Factor Code of Drosophila Enteroendocrine Cells
57 Pages Posted: 25 Jun 2019 Sneak Peek Status: PublishedMore...
Enteroendocrine cells (EEs) in the intestinal epithelium have important endocrine functions, yet this cell lineage exhibits great local and regional variations that have hampered detailed characterization of EE subtypes. Through single cell RNA-sequencing analysis, combined with a collection of neuropeptide/receptor knock-in strains, here we provide a comprehensive analysis of cellular diversity, spatial distribution and transcription factor (TF) code of EEs in adult Drosophila midgut. We identify 10 major EE subtypes that totally produced 14 different classes of hormone peptides. Each EE on average co-produces 2-5 different classes of hormone peptides. Functional screen with subtype-enriched TFs suggests a combinatorial TF code that controls EE cell diversity, with class-specific TFs Mirr and Ptx1that respectively define two major classes of EEs, and regional TFs such as Esg, Drm, Exex and Fer1that further define regional EE identity. Our single-cell data should greatly facilitate Drosophila modeling of EE differentiation and function.
Keywords: Enteroendocrine Cells, Subtypes, Drosophila, Midgut, Neuropeptide, Transcription Factor Code, Single Cell RNA sequencing, Mirr, Ptx1, Notch
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