Revisiting the Urbanization Process in China: A Status-Efficiency Bi-Dimensional Perspective
Posted: 28 Jun 2019 Last revised: 13 Jul 2019
Date Written: June 27, 2019
Urbanization epitomizes the development of human society and it is an important social process in large developing countries in 21st century. China is the primary area for the world urbanization development. An urbanization process is appreciated “sustainable” when it present both “good” construction status (the achievement of urbanization construction), and “high” construction efficiency. This study therefore analyzes the sustainable performance of urbanization development from both perspectives of urbanization status and urbanization efficiency. The principle of Boston Consulting Group Matrix (BCG Matrix) is employed to establish this status-efficiency bi-dimensional analysis framework. Four types of urbanization development patterns can be defined in line with the quadrantal diagram, namely, “Good urbanization status-High urbanization efficiency (G-H)”, “Poor urbanization status-High urbanization efficiency (P-H)”, “Good urbanization status-Low urbanization efficiency (G-L)”, and “Poor urbanization status-Low urbanization efficiency (P-L)”. Entropy weight method (EWM) is used to evaluate the status performance of urbanization development, for which 27 indicators from the dimensions of economic development status, social development status, and environment status are employed. Super-efficiency Slack-based Measure model and DEA-based Malmquist Production Index are applied jointly to evaluate the efficiency performance of urbanization development. By using the status-efficiency bi-dimensional analysis framework, the urbanization development of 30 Chinese provinces during the year 2008-2015 are investigated. And these surveyed provinces are further classified into four quadrants (representing different types of urbanization development patterns) according to their average urbanization status and urbanization efficiency performances during the surveyed time period. 11 provinces are located in the quadrant of “G-H”, including Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Guangdong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, etc.; 6 provinces are located in the quadrant of “P-H”, including Inner Mongolia, Qinghai, Ningxia, Jilin, Gansu, and Hebei; 3 provinces are located in the quadrant of “G-L”, including Shanxi, Chongqing, and Jiangxi; and 10 provinces are located in the quadrant of “P-L”, including Hubei, Shanxi, Hunan, Xinjiang, Guangxi, Sichuan, etc. And the reasons contribute to the presentation of above four types of urbanization development patterns are mined and analyzed following the classification.
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