State Business Relations and The Dynamics of Job Flows in Egypt and Turkey

The Economic Research Forum (ERF) Working Paper No. 1271, 2018

37 Pages Posted: 3 Jul 2019

See all articles by Eleftherios Giovanis

Eleftherios Giovanis

Manchester Metropolitan University-Business School, Department of Economics, Policy and International Business; Aydin Adnan Menderes University, Nazilli Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences

Oznur Ozdamar

Aydın Adnan Menderes University

Date Written: December 1, 2018

Abstract

This study is motivated by the ongoing interest of policy makers in the possible sources of job creation and destruction. The aim is to explore the dynamics of job creation, destruction and net job creation rates in Egypt and Turkey, including various firm characteristics, besides the firm size and age that have not been studied so far, such as the business-state relations (SBRs), whether the firm has been accredited with an international qualification of quality assurance and control and whether one of the owners is female. The analysis relies on firm level data derived from the World Bank Enterprise Surveys. We implement weighted ordinary least squares (OLS). The findings show constraints to finance and political instability are the main obstacles of SBRs in both countries, including also tax rates and constraints in electricity. The quality of SBRs is found to be positively associated to job growth.

Keywords: Business Environment, Firm Level Data, Firm Growth, Job Creation, State- Business Relations

JEL Classification: D73, L5, L25, O12, O43

Suggested Citation

Giovanis, Eleftherios and Ozdamar, Oznur, State Business Relations and The Dynamics of Job Flows in Egypt and Turkey (December 1, 2018). The Economic Research Forum (ERF) Working Paper No. 1271, 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3411494 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3411494

Eleftherios Giovanis (Contact Author)

Manchester Metropolitan University-Business School, Department of Economics, Policy and International Business ( email )

Business School
All Saints Campus
Manchester, M15 6BH
United Kingdom

Aydin Adnan Menderes University, Nazilli Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences ( email )

Nazilli IIBF
Sumer Kampusu
Aydin, Nazilli 09800
Turkey

Oznur Ozdamar

Aydın Adnan Menderes University ( email )

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