A Collective Household Labour Supply Model with Disability: Evidence from Iraq

Journal of Family and Economic Issues, (2019), 40, 209-225

Posted: 3 Jul 2019

See all articles by Eleftherios Giovanis

Eleftherios Giovanis

Manchester Metropolitan University-Business School, Department of Economics, Policy and International Business; Aydin Adnan Menderes University, Nazilli Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences

Oznur Ozdamar

Aydın Adnan Menderes University

Date Written: October 15, 2018

Abstract

In this study we explored the determinants of the women’s labour supply and we attempted to identify the sharing rules for married couples. The analysis relied on data derived by the Iraqi Household Socio-Economic Survey (IHSES) in 2012–2013. The study considered the housework contributed by both spouses and we also included the wife’s disability status as a distribution factor. Moreover, we estimated the sharing rules accounting for female non-participation in the labour market. The household collective model was preferred over the unitary model as the results supported that changes on wages, non-labour income, age, education, number of children, and disability as a distribution factor affect the bargaining power and the share of spouses. The findings showed that for a one percent increase on female’s daily wage rate, her share on full income was increased by 1320 Iraqi Dinar (ID) corresponding to $1.12, while reached 1470 ID ($1.25) when the domestic labour was considered. Similarly, increases on the male’s wage increased her share by 630 ID ($0.50), while increases of 1 ID in the non-labour income increased female’s share by 0.43. The estimates showed that the disabled women decreased the share by 1275 ID ($1.08). Furthermore, the findings illustrated that considering the non-participation of the wife in the labour market, her share and therefore her bargaining power was lower than their earner counterparts.

Keywords: Collective model, Disability, Household behaviour, Labour supply, Sharing rule, Unitary model

JEL Classification: D13, H31, J22, O15

Suggested Citation

Giovanis, Eleftherios and Ozdamar, Oznur, A Collective Household Labour Supply Model with Disability: Evidence from Iraq (October 15, 2018). Journal of Family and Economic Issues, (2019), 40, 209-225 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3411501

Eleftherios Giovanis (Contact Author)

Manchester Metropolitan University-Business School, Department of Economics, Policy and International Business ( email )

Business School
All Saints Campus
Manchester, M15 6BH
United Kingdom

Aydin Adnan Menderes University, Nazilli Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences ( email )

Nazilli IIBF
Sumer Kampusu
Aydin, Nazilli 09800
Turkey

Oznur Ozdamar

Aydın Adnan Menderes University ( email )

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