The Causal Effects of Survivors’ Benefits on Health Status and Poverty of Widows in Turkey: Evidence from Bayesian Networks

Economic Analysis and Policy, 53, 46-61, 2017

38 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2019 Last revised: 1 Jul 2019

See all articles by Oznur Ozdamar

Oznur Ozdamar

Aydın Adnan Menderes University

Eleftherios Giovanis

Manchester Metropolitan University-Business School, Department of Economics, Policy and International Business; Aydin Adnan Menderes University, Nazilli Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences

Date Written: March 31, 2017

Abstract

This study examines the effects of survivor benefits on health status and wealth in households of widowed mothers. The analysis relies on the cross-sectional Income and Living Conditions Survey (ILCS) in Turkey over the period 2006–2012. We apply Ordered Logit and Probit models, and we propose the Bayesian Network (BN) framework to explore the causal effects of survivor benefits using observational data. The results show that the widowed mothers who receive the benefits are more likely to report higher levels of health status by 0.11 units on a scale between 1–5. In addition, their wealth is improved. For the sample of the survivor benefit claimants, the effects of the benefits are positive, and they improve health status by about 6 per cent.

Keywords: Bayesian Networks, Directed Acyclic Graphs, Health status, Poverty, Survivor benefits

Suggested Citation

Ozdamar, Oznur and Giovanis, Eleftherios, The Causal Effects of Survivors’ Benefits on Health Status and Poverty of Widows in Turkey: Evidence from Bayesian Networks (March 31, 2017). Economic Analysis and Policy, 53, 46-61, 2017 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3411511 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3411511

Oznur Ozdamar

Aydın Adnan Menderes University ( email )

Eleftherios Giovanis (Contact Author)

Manchester Metropolitan University-Business School, Department of Economics, Policy and International Business ( email )

Business School
All Saints Campus
Manchester, M15 6BH
United Kingdom

Aydin Adnan Menderes University, Nazilli Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences ( email )

Nazilli IIBF
Sumer Kampusu
Aydin, Nazilli 09800
Turkey

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