Being Healthy in Turkey: A Pseudo-Panel Data Analysis

Hacettepe Üniversity Journal of Economics and Administrative Science, 35(1), 89-110, 2017

22 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2019

See all articles by Oznur Ozdamar

Oznur Ozdamar

Aydın Adnan Menderes University

Eleftherios Giovanis

Manchester Metropolitan University-Business School, Department of Economics, Policy and International Business; Aydin Adnan Menderes University, Nazilli Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences

Date Written: January 31, 2017

Abstract

This study examines the determinants of health status in Turkey. Moreover, this is the first study up to date that explores the indoor air pollution as an additional factor of health. The analysis relies on detailed micro-level data derived by the Turkish Statistical Institute (TURKSTAT) Cross Sectional Income and Living Conditions Survey over the years 2006-2012. Using Pseudo-Panel Data, an Adapted Probit Fixed Effects Model is applied to control for time invariant characteristics of the regions, thereby eliminating potentially large sources of bias. Furthermore, the Random-Effects Ordered Logit Model is applied for robustness check. Various determinants, including individual and household characteristics, such as socio-economic status, are examined. The findings show that income and education are the most important socio-economic determinants of health followed by the marital and employment status. Furthermore, estimations for the type of fuel used for heating in dwelling as a proxy for indoor air pollution show that individuals that use natural gas and electricity report higher levels of health outcomes compared to those who use wood and coal. Overall, the findings point out the importance of policies on the education reconstruction, income distribution, clean environment, improvement of health status and reduction of health inequalities

Keywords: Health status, pseudo-panel, socioeconomic status, indoor air pollution

JEL Classification: I14, I15, Q51, Q53

Suggested Citation

Ozdamar, Oznur and Giovanis, Eleftherios, Being Healthy in Turkey: A Pseudo-Panel Data Analysis (January 31, 2017). Hacettepe Üniversity Journal of Economics and Administrative Science, 35(1), 89-110, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3411515

Oznur Ozdamar

Aydın Adnan Menderes University ( email )

Eleftherios Giovanis (Contact Author)

Manchester Metropolitan University-Business School, Department of Economics, Policy and International Business ( email )

Business School
All Saints Campus
Manchester, M15 6BH
United Kingdom

Aydin Adnan Menderes University, Nazilli Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences ( email )

Nazilli IIBF
Sumer Kampusu
Aydin, Nazilli 09800
Turkey

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