Firm-Level Employment, Labour Market Reforms, and Bank Distress
56 Pages Posted: 2 Jul 2019 Last revised: 2 Dec 2019
Date Written: June 28, 2019
We explore the interaction between labour market reforms and financial frictions. Our study combines a new cross-country reform database on labour market reforms with matched firm-bank data for nine euro area countries over the period 1999 to 2013. While we find that labour market reforms are overall effective in increasing employment, restricted access to bank credit can undo up to half of long-term employment gains at the firm-level. Entrepreneurs without sufficient access to credit cannot reap the full benefits of more flexible employment regulation.
Keywords: Labour Market Reforms, Bank Stress, Employment Protection, Unemployment Insurance
JEL Classification: G21, J21, J60, K31
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