Short-Term Household Income Mobility Before and After the Great Recession: A Four-Country Study
CEFIN Working Papers No 76
41 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2019
Date Written: June 19, 2019
This paper analyses short-term intra-generational income mobility in France, Italy, Spain and the UK by exploiting the longitudinal component of EU-SILC for the periods 2005-2008 and 2012-2015. We investigate whether and to what extent the ability of households to move along the income distribution changed after the 2008 crisis and whether heterogeneities among countries exist. For this purpose, we employ mobility indexes and transition matrices as well as estimation of a 2SLS regression and of a dynamic ordered probit with random effects. Overall, indexes and transition matrices point to a decrease of mobility in the aftermath of the crisis. The econometric analyses suggest both the existence of a convergence process of incomes and state dependence of current and lagged income in both periods. We also observe sluggish income convergence and lower upward mobility in the second period. Among the microeconomic drivers, education and employment status are positive determinants of mobility. Finally, our results confirm cross-country heterogeneity.
Keywords: intra-generational income mobility, mobility indexes, 2SLS, dynamic ordered probit, EU-SILC
JEL Classification: C25, C26, D31, J60
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation